Metformin: Side Effects, Dosage, Uses

What is metformin? Generic Metformin is a drug that has been approved by medical researchers which, and it,s used for type 2 diabetes treatments. To be approved, the drug was first tested by the Food and Drug administrators in the US, and it was found to be fit for diabetes treatment, provided that the patients are taking it with care and in the correct dosage.

Uses of Metformin

How does metformin work? Metformin medication works by decreasing the glucose produced by the liver as well as reducing glucose absorption into the target cells. Metformin also increases the insulin sensitivity of the target cells. This medication is used as an adjunct treatment to the exercise, lifestyle and diet changes aimed at improving the glycemic control in adult patients suffering from type 2 diabetes.

What does metformin do?

Once it’s used as diabetes medication, metformin does various things to ensure that it has effectively worked to serve the intended purpose. Once it’s consumed by the adult with type 2 diabetes, it decreases the amount of glucose produced by the liver. In addition, glucose absorption into the target cells is reduced. This is accompanied by an increase in insulin sensitivity of the target cells. In other words, metformin generally improves the glycemic control in type 2 diabetes adult patients. However, it’s important to note that metformin doesn’t result in weight gain.

Metformin dosage

An adult with type 2 diabetes should take dosage as follows:

Immediate release tablet

  • 500 milligram every 12 hours
  • 850 milligram a day but with meals
  • 1500-2550 milligram daily.

Tablet, extended release

  • 500 milligram
  • 750 milligram
  • 1000 milligram

Oral solutions

  • 500 milligram
  • 750 milligram
  • 1000 milligram

However, one needs to take care of not to exceed 2550 mg a day. More details on metformin dosage can be found on fairpricerx.

What is metformin hcl

This is a white crystalline powder that is insoluble in acetone, chloroform, and ether, but soluble in water. The powder is made up of various ingredients such as:

  • Triacetin
  • Cellulose acetate
  • Polysorbate 80
  • Candelilla wax
  • Hypromellose
  • Polyethylene glycols
  • Povidone
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Magnesium stearate
  • Sodium lauryl surfate

It’s important to note that all these tablet ingredients are inactive. Metformin hcl is regarded as an adjunct to exercise and diet geared to improve the glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. In fact, this explains the relationship between metformin and diabetes.

Forms of metformin

Metformin tablets come in generic form, which makes them be referred to as metformin generic. This metformin form is used as the medication for high blood sugar levels in the adult with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Generally, metformin comes in both tablet and solution forms. Both of these forms are taken orally by type 2 diabetes patients.

Metformin side effects

Metformin usage is associated with numerous side effects.

Some of them include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Asthenia (physical weakness)
  • Muscle pain (myalgia)
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Flatulence
  • Constipation
  • Bloating (abdominal distention)
  • Dizziness/chills
  • Heartburn

These are just a few of the metformin side effects. There are others which one may experience. In case of any sign of such side effects, don’t hesitate to call your doctor.