What happens before general anesthesia? What happens during general anesthesia? What happens after general anesthesia? What are the risks of general anesthesia? General anesthesia is a technique in which the patient is rendered completely unconscious. Furthermore, general anesthesia allows analgesia (she does not perceive pain), amnesia (she remembers nothing of the surgical event) and muscle paralysis (her muscles are lacking in tone and therefore released).
General anesthesia is commonly induced and maintained by administering drugs to the patient intravenously or via the respiratory route or through both routes. The depth of anesthesia can be changed by increasing or decreasing the amount of drugs administered. At the end of the surgical procedure, the anesthesiologist progressively reduces the depth of anesthesia, favoring the awakening in a short time, the recovery of the state of consciousness and complete autonomy. From Dr. Narinder S. Grewal you will be getting all the information for the followings.
What happens before general anesthesia?
Before being subjected to an anesthetic treatment, you will be visited by the anesthesiologist who, in most cases, will be the same professional who will take care of you in the operating room.
- Otherwise it will be another delegated anesthesiologist who will be aware of his clinical problems and health conditions. Remember that you have the faculty and freedom to choose, consistent with organizational needs, your anesthesiologist.
- Before you meet the anesthesiologist, you may be asked to fill out a questionnaire that contains simple questions related to your health condition and lifestyle habits that may have some reflection on your anesthesiological treatment.
At the time of the visit, in addition to identifying and evaluating clinical conditions that could have a certain relevance in the choice of anesthesiological treatment, the anesthesiologist will evaluate whether or not further medical investigations are necessary to complete his preoperative evaluation, he will ask about the possible recruitment of drugs , he will investigate his anesthesiology and his family history, he will inquire about allergies or intolerance to drugs, metals, rubber (latex) and others, he will take a look at his blood tests, his electrocardiogram and possibly his chest plate and will ask you if you have taken drinks or food in the hours before admission. Remember that it is of fundamental importance to respect the indications regarding the intake of food or drinks before an anesthesiological treatment.
THe Risk Assessment
On the basis of these clinical and instrumental data, an anaesthesiological and cardiological risk assessment will be carried out also according to the type of surgery to which it should be subjected. Furthermore, you will be offered the type of anesthesia treatment best suited to your case and will be fully informed about it. This phase will be concluded with the signature by his and his anesthesiologist of the informed consent.
Once the anaesthesiology program has been developed and finalized, your anesthesiologist will make arrangements for ‘premedication or pre-anesthesia’, which means that you will prescribe medicines you will take about an hour before entering the operating room. The purpose is to check the state of anxiety and the possible Pain if this were present already before the intervention.